FEDERAL REGISTER, JAN. 26, 2011 SELF-DEFENSE OF VESSELS OF THE UNITED STATES (COMMENT PERIOD EXPIRED MARCH 1, 2011)
Wednesday, January 26, 2011
Volume 76, Number 17 [Notices] [Pages 4706-4707]
[FR Doc No: 2011-1571]
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2011-0012]
Self-Defense of Vessels of the United States
AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS.
ACTION: [EXPIRED] Notice; request for comments [EXPIRED].
SUMMARY: Pursuant to Section 912 of the 2010 Coast Guard Authorization Act, the Coast Guard is reviewing its policy regarding standard rules for the use of force for self-defense of vessels of the United States and is requesting comments on the current policy.
[COMMENT PERIOD EXPIRED MARCH 1, 2001]
Viewing the comments and related material: To view the comments and Coast Guard Port Security Advisory (PSA) 3-09, which provides guidance to the maritime industry with regard to the use of force against pirates, go to http://www.regulations.gov, click on the “read comments” box, which will then become highlighted in blue. In the “Keyword” box insert “USCG-2011-0012” and click “Search.” Click the “Open Docket Folder” in the “Actions” column.
If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the Department of Transportation West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. We have an agreement with the Department of Transportation to use the Docket Management Facility.
Privacy Act: Anyone can search the electronic form of comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review a Privacy Act, system of records notice regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316).
Background and Purpose
In accordance with Section 912 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010 (CGAA), the Coast Guard is seeking input from the public and representatives of industry and labor in order to determine if the current authorization in 33 U.S.C. 383, Resistance of Pirates by Merchant Vessels, and the guidance published by the Coast Guard in Port Security Advisory (PSA) 3-09 provide an adequate framework for standard rules for the use of force for self defense of vessels of the United States.
Section 912 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act states that an owner, operator, time charterer, master, mariner, or individual who uses force or authorizes the use of force to defend a vessel of the United States against an act of piracy shall not be liable for monetary damages for any injury or death caused by such force to any person engaging in an act of piracy if such force was in accordance with standard rules for the use of force in self-defense of vessels prescribed by the Secretary [of Homeland Security].
Guidance which may aid the maritime industry with regard to the use of force against pirates is currently provided in PSA 3-09. The Coast Guard seeks public input as to the continued viability of PSA 3-09 as the standard policy. PSA 3-09 provides guidance to United States flagged commercial vessels and embarked personnel, including contract security personnel not entitled to sovereign immunity and operating in High Risk Waters, for employment of force in self-defense or defense of others, as well as defense of the vessel. PSA 3-09 restates existing common law and international law principles in this area. It does not establish new standards or duties with respect to the right of self-defense or defense of others. The guidance is intended to aid companies in the development of their vessel security plan submissions for operating within High Risk Waters and does not mandate specific actions at particular points of time and does not prevent an individual from acting in self-defense or defense of others.
This notice is issued under authority of 5 U.S.C. 552(a).
Dated: January 18, 2011.
Kevin S. Cook,
Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Director of Prevention Policy.
[FR Doc. 2011-1571 Filed 1-25-11; 8:45 am]
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